By Zoe Bedard
The Hubble Space Telescope is a space telescope that was created to gather light from far away objects and to take photos of these objects so that people could understand more about space. It was named after Edwin Hubble, an American astronomer. The launch of the Hubble Telescope was delayed because of the Space Challenger, a previous space shuttle that carried 7 members, and had failed in its mission to orbit the earth. The spacecraft telescope broke into pieces 73 seconds after its launch. The Hubble Space Telescope was launched into orbit on April 24, 1990. It was carrying 5 astronauts, and was launched from the Kennedy Space Center.
The project had began in 1940, it took decades of planning and research to complete. In 1949 the first paper about the telescope was written by Lyman Spitzer, an astrophysicist at Yale University. This was at a time where satellites had not been frequently launched yet, and many scientists lacked crucial knowledge about these mysteries. Lyman Spitzer wanted to explain the importance of learning about astronomy from space itself. In July 1958, Congress passed The Space Act, which created the National Aeronautics Space Administration more commonly recognized as NASA. This was created for the Space Race against the Soviet Union and to help scientists, astronomers, and engineers pursue their hopes on building the telescope. In 1974 astrophysicists held their first meeting for the space telescope. It contained the collosal budget and technology requirements for the spacecraft. On October 1, 1977, Congress approved funding for the project and it officially began.
With their first goal being to build it, they began building the mirror in 1978, and in 1989 astronauts began training for their trip. It was named in 1983, and then 3 years later the Space Shuttle Challenger was lost, being completely destroyed after take off and placing fear into the creators of the Hubble Space Telescope. Finally on April 24, 1990, it was finally launched successfully inside the Space Shuttle Discovery, from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
It was deployed on April 25, 1990, and since then has made some of the most amazing and useful discoveries of our time. The telescope is able to contribute to finding how far we are from objects in space, and it can photograph Supernovas (when a star explodes) and planets. The spacecraft can tell us what surfaces on comets and planets look like and what their made of. We have even discovered that the universe is still expanding and creating more space and emptiness! The creation of the telescope has done so much for the growth of our knowledge on astrology and engineering.
Sadly, NASA is planning to replace the Hubble Telescope with the new James Webb Telescope, but the legacy of the Hubble will never be forgotten.