How Does the Impeachment Process Work?

By: Madison Clabough


If a U.S. president is suspected of committing treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors, the House of Representatives can impeach him/her. The Constitution gives them this power. In an impeachment inquiry, the House conducts an investigation, gathers evidence, and then decides whether there is enough evidence for a case. If there is, the case can go forward. After all that has been completed, the House holds an impeachment vote. If the president is impeached, the case is then turned over to the Senate for prosecution. The Senate then conducts a trial and has the power to remove him/ her from office. The trial is overseen by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

An anonymous complaint was filed in August, saying that Trump pushed the president of Ukraine to investigate Joe Biden and his son for wrongdoing. Biden is the former vice president; now he is running for president. The Democratic Party may pick him as their nominee- if they do, Biden (D) would compete against Trump (R) in the 2020 election. Nancy Pelosi, who is also Democrat, is Speaker of the House. She announced the impeachment on September 24. She said that asking a foreign power to investigate an opponent shows Trump’s “betrayal of his oath of office, betrayal of our national security, and betrayal of the integrity of our elections.” Because Nancy Pelosi is a Democrat on the opposing side, she of course is going to slander President Trumps’ name to make him look bad any opportunity she gets.

Here is impeachment broken down into simpler terms: It starts with a House investigation. The House can then put forth a document that is called the “Articles of Impeachment.” If members vote in favor of the articles, the president is impeached. That is the same as being charged with a crime.