By Alyssa Mink
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is described as a brain disorder marked by a continuous pattern of inattention and/or impulsive hyperactivity that interferes with functioning or development. Inattention is when a person wanders off task, isn’t persistent, has difficulty sustaining focus, and is disorganized but these problems are not due to defiance or lack of comprehension. Hyperactivity is when a person continuously moves even when it is not appropriate to do so. This may include excessive fidgeting, tapping, or talking. Impulsivity means a person makes hasty actions that occur in the moment without first thinking about them and the consequences that may have high potential for harm. ADHD can appear as early as tween 3 and 6 years old. Scientists believe ADHD could be caused by many factors such as genes, smoking or drinking during pregnancy, exposure to environmental toxins during pregnancy or youth, low birth weight, and injuries. While there isn’t a cure for ADHD yet, there are available treatments that reduce symptoms and improve functioning. For many people, medication is the best way to combat ADHD. Medicine may help reduce hyperactivity and improve the person’s ability to focus and learn. Kids with ADHD may need help in the classroom so specialized classes and tutoring may really help them grow as well as prevent any frustration and anger that may come from being in a regular learning environment. There are many ways to treat ADHD so it’s all about finding which version works best on an individual basis.
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